How Do Computer Technologies Support School Education?
In the 21st century, humanity moves with wide steps into the world of information technology. Striking changes occurring in all spheres of our life. The system of modern education is not an exception. Today, children in schools have the opportunity to use unprecedented learning tools.
At the same time, there are still difficulties with the introduction of a full range of technical tools in the educational process. This is due to the lack of funding for schools, as well as to the training of teachers who will competently use all the technical resources provided to them.
Pro-Papers prepared the answer to the question: what are the positive aspects of using computer technology in schools?
First, the Internet gives students instant access to knowledge. Modern schoolchildren are able to “Google-it” when they have questions about the learning material. Search for additional information on the Internet helps to expand the amount of knowledge that gives the textbook. The teacher at the same time can coordinate and direct the search for their students, teaching how to rank properly proposed content and which resources should be trusted.
It is also known that modern college and high school students like different gadgets integrated into the curriculum, as they are accustomed to their use in everyday life. It is comfortable for students to use computers, tablets, smartphones, and the Internet not only as a way of entertainment but also for communication with classmates and instructors.
The next major positive factor in modern technology in schools is digital literacy. In the process of using technical means, students are acquainted with their technical characteristics and peculiarities of using one or another software. In other words, the student gains technical knowledge, which gives useful experience, as well as the opportunity to be competitive in employment.
In recent times, there appeared a tendency to the mixed online/on-premise learning. Distance education or a combination of online and in-class learning style is suitable for many students. This approach is also economically beneficial. School costs on paper and other materials are reducing since blended learning supports online documents and textbooks.
For example, in Japan, students have the opportunity to study in high school using a virtual reality headset. With the help of the smartphone app, learners can listen to teachers and write tests, and through a separate online platform, interact with other students. Every student is assigned a teacher–curator who advise them on matters of study and choice of profession, and accessible to communicate by phone or e-mail. If necessary, you can meet your curator personally – on the main campus in Okinawa or on campuses in Tokyo and Osaka. The annual tuition fee in this virtual school is 100 thousand yen ($ 880). Analysts believe that virtual reality has great promise in education.
Thanks to modern technologies, modern teachers have made a new qualitative leap in the level of their teaching. Innovative teaching methods come to help modern teachers. The introduction of many innovative computer technologies in the practice of an educational institution such as an interactive whiteboard, educational software, and programs for the rapid students’ knowledge marking opens up great opportunities for improving educational pedagogical methods, sharing experience and a creative approach to teaching. The basis for this is the accumulation of teaching and learning materials in the internal information space of a school and the use of Internet technologies for both operational and delayed communication with colleagues and students: e-mail, forums, and video conferencing.
Modern technologies have made it easier to mark learners. Applications such as My Class Talk and Socrative Teacher in forms of tests and quizzes provide immediate feedback to help the teacher understand how children have assimilated a material.
Speaking of modern technologies, it is impossible not to mention artificial intelligence, which is increasingly penetrating into our lives. Scientists predict a significant revolution in education after a successful implementation of artificial intelligence into it. So far, innovations are only at the stages of development and test programs and are associated with the use of bots – programs based on artificial intelligence for independent communication with students. Such bots act as individual tutors for students, and it is also possible at any time to clarify difficult-to-understand material through dialogue with a bot in an individual chat.
Someone is convinced that the replacement of educational activities with robots is something from the space opera and naive illusions. Others confidently express that soon the machines will completely replace teachers.
Adaptive learning is perhaps one of the most promising areas for the application of artificial intelligence in education.
Usually, students have different levels of knowledge at the beginning of the study. And their abilities are different as well as life experiences and motivations. Therefore, for some of the students, the program always seems too easy, for others unbearably difficult. It is convenient for someone to perceive the material in one form, while someone prefers another form. The use of adaptive technologies should solve this problem. It is assumed that artificial intelligence will track the performance of each individual student and either adjust the order of showing the course blocks to his or her abilities or inform the teacher about which material is worse learned and which is better. Many advanced technology companies conduct experiments on the implementation of such programs in the previously conservative learning process.
In conclusion, we note that it is difficult to argue with the fact that modern computer technology provides a person with invaluable training assistance. Let us not forget that we are at the very beginning of the way to introduce new technologies in the field of education. The market is just forming. This is an incentive to use various technology tools in the future.